AccessGrid.org

Installation of Scientific Linux 6.x

The following provides a simple guide to installing Scientific Linux 6.x

Requirements

A copy of Scientific Linux 6.x (Version 6.1 currently available at the time of publication) can be downloaded from one of the mirror sites listed at: http://www.scientificlinux.org/download/mirrors

The process of installing Scientific Linux 6.x requires a number of steps:

  • Boot the machine with the Scientific Linux 6.x DVD in the drive. Hopefully the install process should load up and by selecting “Install or upgrade an existing system” and pressing "Enter", the install process should begin using a graphical user interface. (If this doesn't occur, you may have to change your bios boot settings, ie boot order)
  • The install will ask whether you would like to check the installation media. You may choose to skip this process if you wish.
  • The install process will load additional drivers that might be required for the installation process. This may take a minute or two.
  • After a few moments upon loading drivers, you should now be faced with the Welcome screen, click on the "Next" button to continue.

 

  • The Language selection screen should be displayed. Select the appropriate language. Then click on the "Next" button to continue.

 

  • The Keyboard selection screen should be displayed. Select the appropriate keyboard. Click on the "Next" button to continue.

The Installation selection screen may be displayed if you have a previous version of Scientific Linux installed. If this is the case, please select the correct installation, though it is recommend that a "clean" install is done. Therefore it is recommended that "Install Scientific Linux / Fresh Install" and not "upgrade an existing installation" is selected. Click on the "Next" button to continue.

  • The Storage Setup screen should be displayed. In this section you have the option to select "Basic Storage Devices" or "Specialized Storage Devices". Generally, for most configurations, the decision will be to select the "Basic Storage Devices" option.  Once an option is selected, click on the "Next" button to continue.

 

  • The Hostname screen should be displayed. Input the appropriate hostname for the computer along with the domain name. This information will identify the computer. An input example is “jastest3.cqu.edu.au”, which identifies the machine as “jastest3” on the “cqu.edu.au” domain.

By default, within Scientific Linux, a networking device needs to be enabled before any network connection will be made active. Obviously, there is a need for this to be enable by default so that users are not required to enable networking every time the system is restarted.  Therefore, it is recommended that you select "Configure Network".  As this will allow you to configure the network during the installation process.

  • Within the network connections screen, select the appropriate networking device (i.e. eth0) and click on edit;
  • Select the "Connect automatically" option;
    • For those wanting to set a static IP address, this can be done by selecting the IPv4 Settings.
  • Click on the "Apply" Button.
  • Then click on the "Close" Button.
  • Click on the "Next" button to continue.

 

  • The Time Zone selection screen should now be displayed, select the correct time zone to suit, for CQUni-Rockhampton, we selected "Brisbane". Then hit the "Next" button to continue.
    • If you configure the system to dual boot into Windows, you might wish to unselect the "System clock uses UTC" option, as windows does not use UTC.

 

  • The Set Root Password screen should now be displayed, enter the root password for the machine, once entered, hit the "Next" button to continue.
  • The Disk Partitioning Setup selection screen should now be displayed, select the correct partitioning method.
    • Generally it is best to select "Use All Space", as this will delete everything currently on the disk and do a fresh setup. You may wish to backup any data you have before proceeding. If you have information on the drive that you wish not to be deleted, you might want to select "Use free space" or "Create custom layout". Once the partitioning method has been selected, hit the "Next" button to continue.
    • For those who like to see information on the disk partitions, you may wish to check the "Review and modify partition layout".


    • A warning box will now appear to inform you that you will lose all your data. Hit the "Write Changes to disk" button to continue.
    • The installation will now format and setup the file system.
  • The Package selection screen should now be displayed. As a recommendation, change the install option to "Software Development Workstation".  Additionally, select the "Customize now" option to add additional software. Once selected, click on the next button to choose the additional packages.


  • For the CQUni Access Grids, the following additional packages are selected:
    • Desktops
      • KDE Desktop

    • Applications
      • Office Suite and Productivity

    • Additionally, you may wish to include any additional language support
  • Click on the "Next" button, once all of the additional packages have been selected, to continue.
  • The system may now take a few minutes while it prepares the installer to install packages for the system. The installer will then be transferring the install image to hard disk and installing the various packages.


  • Once all the packages have been installed, the machine will need to be rebooted and a final configuration of user accounts will be required. Click on the "Reboot" button to reboot the machine.
  • Once rebooted the First Time Install Welcome screen will be displayed. Click on the "Forward" button to continue.
  • The License Agreement screen should now be displayed, if you are happy with the license agreement, click on the "Forward" button to proceed.
  • The User Account screen should now be displayed. You will be required to enter the following details for user of the computer:
    • Username (eg "ag")
    • FullName (eg Rockhampton Access Grid)
    • Password (xxxxxx)
    • Confirm Password (xxxxxx)
    • Once these details have been entered, hit the forward button to proceed.
      • If a box appears saying that your password is too weak, either click "no" to go back and change it, or "yes" to use it anyway
  • The Date and Time screen will allow you to configure the Network Time Protocol (NTP). We recommend using NTP, as the AccessGrid software highly recommends using it for everything to work correctly. Click on the "Synchronize date and time over the network" checkbox.
  • Once the option has been selected, click on the Add button and add the address of the NTP server. If you do not know this address, contact your network administration team (You can use the ones provided if needed, though it is recommended to use a local NTP server.). You may wish to remove all the other NTPs by clicking on them and hitting the remove button. Click on the "Forward" button to continue.
  • The Kdup section should now be displayed. Simply click on the "Forward" button to proceed.
  • Hopefully you now should have a working version of Scientific Linux 6.x installed.

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